Yes, I'm lazy today. So I'm just providing this link as good reading material.
Oh yeah, as a throw in, considering the author of this piece, will this be on my first ammendment exam?
Also, there was a study that was released about the time of Gratz that suggested Affirmative Action had a negative effect on the discussion of ideas. For the life of me, I can't remember where to find this study. Does anybody here know?